Nomenclature as Social Currency: Lineage and Social Status

Genealogy in Islamicate societies was not only a means of identification but it also cushioned moral and material objectives. Nisba chains always trace back to an ancestor, real or legendary. In between the serious practice of accurately recording the names of descendants after each passing generation, and the lofty accounts of family history, is a tradition that not only concerns the caliph but also the … Continue reading Nomenclature as Social Currency: Lineage and Social Status

Bechar’s Hagia Sophia

Bechar’s famous mosque in the city center used to be Notre Dame du Sahara (alternatively Notre Dame de la Saoura), a church under French rule that was designed by architect Pierre Clevenot. Its first stone was laid on March 8, 1953, about 20 months before the outbreak of the November revolution. Today, it is Masjid Malik ibn al-Huwayrith (may Allah be pleased with him), named … Continue reading Bechar’s Hagia Sophia

Bismillah

In the mutest of horrors, sometimes it is enough for a man to belt out a similar song, perhaps the bass of his voice will distract the intellectual impasse from melting the wax in these unsophisticated minds. The highest note is met and there remains a piercing silence. At dawn the alleys and footpaths are usually deserted, it was in this barren land the villages … Continue reading Bismillah

Orientalism and the Nayeli Woman

The Nayeli woman in history has been seen as nothing more than a prostitute and dancer. Bou Saada has been imagined as a world for courtesans and concubines, that of “free women.” The tourism market is key in analyzing the exotification and even exploitation of these women. “From the Moorish cafe to Bayt El Kbira” In 1845, when the city of Bou Saada had been … Continue reading Orientalism and the Nayeli Woman

Demystification of the ‘Azariya in the Awras

At nightfall, ‘azariyat entered a circle of men, greeted by “you-yous” from women who admired them from terraces. Musicians set the rhythm and the ‘azariyat began to dance, clinking their anklets, while spectators clapped their hands. During intermissions, the ‘azariyat sang in turn or in choir. In certain tribes, that of the Wlad Abdi in particular, young girls accompanied them and even joined the dance. … Continue reading Demystification of the ‘Azariya in the Awras

The Slums of Algiers

اشحال شفت البلدان العامرين والبر الخالي اشحال ضيعت اوقات واشحال تزيد مازال تخلي Many pretend to know a capital and mistakenly believe the city will miss them once they have a change of heart, as if their families have made a dent in the sidewalks, as if it was Algiers that had to apologize for their excessive romance and self-inflicted disappointment, as if it took … Continue reading The Slums of Algiers

The Kabyle Market: Tribal Relations and the Colonial Dagger

In Kabylia, the traditional market was not only a place of exchange and commerce but one of negotiations and transactions that assemblies sanctioned afterward. Under colonialism, a series of policies aimed at transformation changed the order and dynamic of what was a localized system. The implementation of the caïd system unleashed varying outcomes in regards to preserving tribal kinship. French penetration at the market level … Continue reading The Kabyle Market: Tribal Relations and the Colonial Dagger

Amazighity Seen As A Threat

In a previous article, I highlighted the ills of post-colonialism neo-Berberism. I sometimes call this neo-Berberism but it is conventionally known as Berberism. The recognition and preservation of Berber languages, culture, and history, has been superficially considered to be the goal of “Berberism,” but by the mixing of laundry has actually supposed certain ideological pursuits. I sometimes use neo-Berberist because I believe it gets at … Continue reading Amazighity Seen As A Threat

اللغات الأجنبية في الشمال و الجنوب الجزائري

حالة اللغة في الجزائر رغم أن للجزائر لغتين رسميتين و هما العربية و الأمازيغية إلا أن للغة الفرنسية تأثيرا في الشؤون الإدارية للبلاد و التعاملات الاجتماعية. فعلى سبيل المثال في لهجات المدن الساحلية الجزائرية هنالك استعمال فارط للمفردات الفرنسية إذا ما قارناها مع نظيراتها لهجات الجنوب. ولهذا الاختلاف بعد تاريخي, فالإستعمار الفرنسي بكل صفاته كان متجذراً بدرجة أكبر في شمال الجزائر و لكن هذا لا … Continue reading اللغات الأجنبية في الشمال و الجنوب الجزائري

The Position of French and English in the North and South of Algeria

LANGUAGE SITUATION IN ALGERIA Although Algeria has two official languages, Arabic and Tamazight, French has an influence on the country’s administrative affairs and social transactions. For example, dialects of the Algerian coastal cities have a variant of French vocabulary that contrasts the dialects of the South who use much more Arabic vernacular. French colonization in all its characteristics was more rooted in the North of … Continue reading The Position of French and English in the North and South of Algeria